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Download Elpis Israel in PDF. A scheme of reading Elpis Israel in 50 weekly parts. It is suggested that a time is set aside, one day of the week. Elpis Israel Chapter 7 -- The Gospel of the Kingdom in Relation to Israel and the Gentiles · Chapter 8 -- The Gospel Preached to Abraham: His Faith and Works. Ebook `Elpis Israel: an exposition of the Kingdom of God, with reference to the time of the download ebook or read online download PDF (original scan).
What more dost thou want than perfection, and a crown of life and glory in the age to come? Search the Scriptures with the teachableness of a little child and thy labour will not be in vain. Cast away to the owls and to the bats the traditions of men and the prejudices indoctrinated into thy mind by their means; make a whole burnt offering of their creeds, confessions, catechisms and articles of religion; and, after the example of the Ephesian disciples, hand over your books of curious theological arts, and burn them before all" Acts These mountains of rubbish have served the purposes of a dark and barbarous age; the word, the word of the living God alone, can meet the necessities of the times.
Let the example of the noble minded Bereans be ours. They searched the Scriptures daily to see if the things taught by the apostle were worthy of belief; "therefore they believed" Acts If then not even the preaching of an apostle was credited unaccompanied by Scriptural investigation, is it not infinitely more incumbent on us that we should bring to a like test the opinions and precepts of the uninspired and fallible professional theologists of our day?
Let us believe nothing that comes from the pulpit, the altar or the press, not demonstrated by the grammatical sense of the Scriptures. Let us be contented with nothing less than a "thus it is written" and a "thus saith the Lord;" who does not speak after this rule.
If then their light be darkness, how great is that darkness! The Scriptures can do everything for us in relation to the light. This is known, felt and keenly appreciated by all interested in the support of error. Hence, in the days of Diocletian, one of the pagan predecessors of Constantine, a decree was issued commanding the surrender of all copies of the Holy Scriptures, for it was found that so long as they obtained circulation the Christian doctrine could never be suppressed.
The popes, as deadly, and more insidious, enemies of the Truth than the pagan Roman emperors, followed the example of Diocletian. The Bible and popery are as mutually hostile as the light of the sun and the thick darkness of Egypt that might be felt. But it is not paganism and popery alone that are practically hostile to a free and untrammelled investigation of the Word of God.
The protestant world, while it deludes itself with the conceit that "the Bible, the Bible alone, is the religion of protestants"-while it spends its thousands for its circulation among the nations in their native tongues-is itself hostile to the belief and practice of what it proclaims.
The Bible alone is not its religion; for, if it were, why encumber its professors with the "Common Prayer," "Thirty-nine Articles" and all the other "notions" of a similar kind? To believe and practice the Bible alone would be a sufficient ground of exclusion from all "orthodox" churches. When Chillingworth uttered the sentiment there was more truth in it than at this day; but now it is as far from the fact as that protestantism is the religion of Christ.
To protest against an error such as Romanism, and to affirm that every man has a right to worship God according to the dictates of his own conscience, is a very different thing from believing and obeying the gospel of the Kingdom of God and walking in all the ordinances of the Lord blameless.
To do this would unchristianise a man in the estimation of state churches and sectarian denominations; for the Bible religion requires a man to "contend earnestly for the faith once delivered to the saints" Jud , which in these times cannot be done without upheaving the very foundations of the self-complacent, self-glorifying and self-laudatory communions of the anti-papal constitution of things.
It is true that no man or power has a right to interfere between God and the conscience; but it is also true that no man has a right to worship God as he pleases. This is a protestant fallacy.
Man has a right to worship God only in the way God has Himself appointed. He declares it to be vain worship, concerning which the apostle to the Gentiles says "Let no man judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath; let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary humility and worshipping of angels.
These exhortations apply to all faith and worship, papal and protestant. If popery judges men in meats, protestantism does the same in drinks and in the sabbath; they both judge men in holy-days and movable feasts; and though protestantism repudiates the worshipping of angels, it proclaims in its fasts, preparations, concerts etc.
The gospel of the Kingdom of God and the name of Jesus is not preached among them; they are communions which are uncircumcised of heart; theological dissertations on texts, called "sermons," are substituted for "reasoning out of the Scriptures"-for "expounding and testifying the Kingdom of God, and persuading men concerning Jesus, both out of the law of Moses and out of the prophets" Acts ,31 ; Puseyism Swedenborgianism, and all sorts of 'isms, to which, in apostolic time the world was a total stranger, run riot among them; the lusts of the flesh, of the eye and of the pride of life, have extinguished even the energy and zeal of the anti-papal rebellion out of which they have arisen; they are dead, twice dead, plucked up by the roots, and therefore the time is come to cut them off as a rotten branch from the good olive tree Rom ,20, Let therefore every man that would eschew the wrath which is begun and who would become an heir of the Kingdom of God, save himself from the unholy, lifeless and effete denominations of these "latter days.
The world of man has silenced the Word of God in their midst, and religion has degenerated into a professional commodity sold for cash according to the taste which most prevails in the soul markets of the world.
Let us then "cease from men whose breath is in their nostrils, for wherein are they to be accounted of? Let us repudiate their dogmatisms; let us renounce their mysteries; and let us declare our independence of all human authority in matters of faith and practice extra the Word of God. The Scriptures are able to make us wise, which the traditions of "divines" are not.
Let us then come to these Scriptures, for we have the assurance that he who seeks shall find; though we must also bear in mind that "many shall seek to enter in but shall not be able.
Great is the consolation that "the wise shall understand," and "shine as the brightness of the firmament. To the Bible then let us turn, as to "a light shining in a dark place," and with humility, teachableness and independence of mind let us diligently enquire into the things which it reveals for the obedience and confirmation of faith.
I accordinglyput it up in parcel form, with a letter to his excellency, and another to theemperor himself, and sent it by a special messenger. He found somedifficulty, however, in procuring admission for it: it being a rule atAshburnham House, to receive nothing from private persons, unlesspreviously ordered.
After some little dispute, and my messenger refusing totake it back, it was received, and handed in to the ambassador. This was onFebruary 11th, He retained the book sixteen days, and on the 27th, PREFACEreturned it through the "Parcels' Delivery Company," with the followingnote:"Le Baron de Brunnow presente ses complimens a Monsieur JohnThomas et en lui restituant ci-pres un ouvrage imprime, et la lettre jointe ason billet du 11 Fevrier dernier, se fait un devoir de le prevenir en meme temsque les regies du service n'autorisent point les Ambassades de Russie detransmettre a St.
Petersbourg des envois a l'addresse de S. For those who do not know French, I submit the following version: —"Baron Brunnow presents his compliments to Mr.
John Thomas, and inreturning to him so soon a printed work, and the letter which accompaniedhis note of the 11th of February last, feels it his duty to inform him, at thesame time, that the rules of the service do not at all allow the ambassadorsof Russia to transmit to St. Petersburgh things sent to the address of HisMajesty the Emperor. On receivinghis reply, which will be found on another page, I printed them both, and senta copy to the Baron, with the following note:"Mons.
Les destinees des nations sontdeterminees par les idees, qui sont aussi la cause de la chute desgouvernements: il faut done que nous n'ignorons pas ce qui peut donnerprobablement l'avantage a nos adversaires. Thomas presents his compliments to Baron Brunnow, and sendshim a letter he has published, and addressed to Viscount Palmerston,Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. Ideasdetermine the destinies of nations, and cause the fall of governments: it isnecessary, then, that we do not remain ignorant of what may probably givethe advantage to our opponents.
This concluded my correspondence with the ambassador. He retainedthe "billet," but returned the "letter" addressed to the Emperor. The "rulesof the service" are an effectual expedient to exclude from the Autocrat'smind all inconvenient ideas. I have no doubt, however, but that it is just asit ought to be. The Angel-Princes who watch over and superintend theaffairs of the nations, may have arranged that it should be so; the darknessof the Russian Majesty being necessary for its precipitation upon thehopeless destiny that awaits it.
It would, perhaps, be deemed tantalizing to have mentioned mycorrespondence with these high personages, and to leave the reader ignorantof its purport. I will therefore terminate his suspense, and at the same timegratify his curiosity, by laying the contents of the epistles before them. SIR, — I have thought it no more than right and proper to forward to youfor transmission to the Emperor Nicholas, a copy of a work recentlypublished and extensively circulated, in which the future destiny of Russia,as revealed by Divine Providence in the Bible, is largely treated of.
In a conversation between the Emperor and certain Polish bishops,translated into the Times, he is reported to have said, that "the true faithexists in Russia alone," and that he has "firm faith. This is the grand climax of the morehumble pretensions enunciated by the renowned Peter, who found Russia asmall rivulet and left it an immense river, that his successors might magnifyit into "an ocean:" to whom, as he would have the world believe, "the All-Powerful had revealed His wishes and intentions.
The latter "looked upon Russia as called upon to establish herrule over all Europe; and its invasion of the West and the East as a decreeof Divine Providence;" while the former in his note to Count KarlVasilievitch, speaks of "the policy of Russia having a salutary end assignedto it by Divine Providence'' which is manifested in the "preservation ofEurope from the incalculable calamities with which it is threatened;" that is,in plain English, as we say, the salutary end of Russian policy is for theEmperor to become the Constantine of the world, seeing that it is no longerable to keep the peace without him.
To minds unacquainted with "the things noted in the Scriptures oftruth," these pretensions of the Russian Majesty appear preposterous. Theylook at your Emperor as an ambitious and cruel tyrant, who, like anotherAttila, delights in war and massacre for its own sake. But it is evident fromhis proclamations that his aggressions are motived by considerations whichthey have not "faith" enough to comprehend. He believes his country iscalled of God to save Europe from anarchy, which can only beaccomplished by the iron hand of an Autocrat, giving law and "faith" to itspeoples, whose disorders arise from impiety and irreligion.
If the earth is tobe inhabited, it is unquestionable that order must be maintained. Superstition having first brutalized the nations, and a little knowledgeafterwards puffed them up, they respond only to two extremes, equallyhateful to all rightly-constituted minds — licentiousness and despotism. Thehappy medium is Liberty based upon righteousness. But at present, this isimpossible; for neither popes, emperors, kings, priests, nor people haveknowledge, virtue or wisdom enough to compass the greatest good forsociety by which God shall be glorified and the nations blessed.
DESPOTISM, then, is the desideratum for Europe at present; and there isbut one species of it extant, vigorous and iron-sceptred enough to respondto the necessities of the case, and that is the Russian. Your Emperor neednot fear to strike the blow for universal dominion.
The world is before himand in its decrepitude, as it were, inviting him to become its lord from therising to the setting sun.
He has, doubtless, a speculative faith in the Bible, though he may not beaware of the great things recorded therein concerning the mission of his"sacred Russia. He, or a successor, will wield a sceptre in Constantinople, formagnitude of power and extent of dominion, such as the world has never yetwitnessed since Nimrod hunted men as beasts before the Lord. Licentiousness will again breakloose, and in the melee the Austro-Papal empire will succumb; the contest PREFACEbestowed upon you in the writings of His holy prophets, who, in their day,made known His secrets before autocrats and kings of great renown.
Thetitle is equivalent to "Autocrat of all the Russias," by which you areordinarily designated. But, Czar, I write to you respectfully to invite yourattention to what Israel's prophets have recorded concerning "the mission"of your "sacred Russia;" and to request your acceptance of a work, styledElpis Israel, by which your understanding of their testimony may befacilitated.
The book will explain to you the applicability of the above titleto your dynasty. It will also unfold to you the mighty power and astoundingmagnitude of the dominion which the Most High God has predestined foryour rising country; and demonstrate to you that your sceptre in the hand ofthe last of your successors will be shivered to pieces as a just retribution forhis unparalleled presumption and evil deeds.
The Most HighGod speaks to you in the Bible, saying, "Thou art he of whom I have spokenin old time by My servants, the prophets of Israel;" and He commands you,saying also, "Be thou prepared, and prepare for thyself, thou and all thycompany that are assembled unto thee, and be thou a guard unto them. No previous empire will have equalled it; for, in addition to the territory younow possess, it will comprehend that of the old Roman empire, with Persia,and the outlying countries of Germany, Bohemia, etc.
Europe and Turkeywill fall before your hosts, as the former fell before Napoleon. You will not be able to cope with her upon the sea.
She will make you respect her power there; for God has given her the ocean,but the land to you. Her alliance will be fatal to all the Continentals wholook to her for help.
She cannot conquer Destiny. Her politicians affect todespise your power, and from the supposed poverty of your treasury, predictyour inability to compass your ambition!
They forget that the barbarianswho overturned the Roman Empire made the conquered pay the expensesof the war; so, in your case, a single campaign may put you in possessionof Constantinople and its European dependencies, and place you in aposition to command riches which, under Turkish rule, are undeveloped,and unavailable. Europeis weak, and her debility is your strength.
Her licentious masses hate theirincapable and stolid rulers. There is no union, no sympathy between them. The West and South are at the end of their career, and doomed of God to asocial disruption and overthrow.
Russia is His sword to punish the Latinsfor their crimes against His people and His holy name, which has beenblasphemed by their popes, emperors, and populations, as were theSaracens and the Turks His sword to recompense the Greeks for theirenormities.
Everything favours the enterprise: Turkeyis decrepit; Austria death-stricken; Naples, Sardinia, Portugal and Spain, PREFACEnames signifying political nihility; France unstable and distracted; Germanydisunited, and, therefore, weak; Denmark already in your interest; and, witha little management, England unable to get at you except with her gold.
With your right hand upon the Danish Belts, and your left upon theDardanelles, you can shut her out from the Baltic and Euxine, and doaccording to your will, subject only to the control of the Most High, againstwhose foes you are called to fight. The coming conflict between France andAustria, in the case of Italy and the Pope, will still further facilitate yourconquests. The revealed destinies of these powers, and of the Papacy, soworthily detested by all the friends of truth, righteousness, and humanity,are interpreted in Elpis Israel, so that I need not expatiate upon them here.
Their mutually exhausting wars, extinctive of the Austrian Empire, willleave France an easy prey to Russia. Divide and conquer, for French,Austrians, and Italians, like Turks, Greeks, and Russians, are fit only forsubjection to him who is able to rule them with a rod of iron.
But, after Russia has done her work upon the licentious and degeneratenations of the West, the Most High God will bring her also to judgment forher crimes, as He has Assyria, Persia, Macedon, and Rome in former days. Her dominion will pass away as "the baseless fabric of a vision, and leavenot a wreck behind.
And such is the consummation of the mission of your "sacred Russia,"whose Image-Empire will be smitten on its feet by the God of Heaven,when her Autocrat and his hosts, "like a cloud to cover the land," shall fallby pestilence and the sword, "upon the mountains of Israel. The last of the Autocrats therein designated by the title "Gogueof the land of Magogue, prince of Rose, and Tobl," will be bruised, beatendown, and trodden under foot by the Messiah of Israel, when he descendsin power and great glory to "break in pieces the oppressor," and to establishtruth and justice, good and righteous government in the earth.
That the fate of Sennacherib, or Belshazzar, may not be that of yourmajesty's person; but that, subduing Turkey and Europe, you may temperseverity with mercy, being a "terror to evil doers," and a praise to them thatdo well; and that, protecting the helpless, showing kindness to the poor, andever remembering that the Most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, andcalls their kings and potentates to a fearful account for their misrule — youmay end your days peacefully in the midst of your family and dependents— is the sincere hope of one who subscribes himself,With all due consideration and respect,Your Majesty's well-wisher,JOHN THOMAS,Author of u Elpis Israel.
I will add no more, but commend the work to the reader's attentiveperusal. Let him study it carefully, not forgetting to compare its expositionwith the things noted in the Scriptures of truth.
Let him read it throughbefore he pronounces sentence upon its contents; for the knowledge of theend is necessary to a right comprehension of the beginning. Farewell, then,and may success attend the reader's efforts to know, understand, and to dothe truth. A year after, an edition was published in New York, thetwo editions collectively consisting of two thousand three hundred copies. These have been all disposed of, so that for the past three years the authorhas been unable to supply a considerable additional demand for the work.
He has been urged by many who have read the book to publish a newedition; and as proof that this was not a mere compliment, one of them Mr. Packie, of Baltimore, Md , donates to the author eighty dollarstowards the publication; and another, whose liberality towards what hebelieves is the truth, is well known Mr.
Lemmon, of the same city ,writes: "Apart from all other considerations than the real merit of the book,you have nothing to fear as to its success. I would recommend you to giveat once a public announcement of your intention to issue a new edition, andinvite orders; you may find a larger edition wanted than you anticipate.
When the work was written, the times were of a highly exciting andstirring character. Nor have they materially changed to the present hour. During the past ten years a succession of events has demonstrated, that afixed and predetermined purpose is in process of development, unknown,indeed, to "the Powers that be," but known of God, revealed in His word,and guided by His hand. That purpose is, the gathering together of the hostsof the nations against Jerusalem to war; that the Eternal Spirit, by Jesus,the King of kings, may smite them upon the mountains of Israel; and inconcert with resurrected and living saints, at the head of the armies ofIsrael, re-establish the throne and kingdom of David, and subjugate allother kingdoms to this New Power in the earth.
There is no neutral ground. Every man in"Christendom," falsely so-called, is on the side of the purpose or against it. It was by the Merodach-Baladan dynasty, that "the wings of the Assyrian lion were plucked"; that is, the Esarhaddon dynasty of Assyria was superseded by the king of Babylon, as the destroyer of the Gentiles.
Before this revolution was effected, the Assyrian dominion was represented by a winged lion, having the form of a man down to the waist, and furnished with arms. This is satisfactorily demonstrated by Mr. Layard in his "Nineveh and its Remains. In one hand, a goat was held; and in the other, hanging down by the side, a branch with three flowers.
From the shoulder sprang forth expanded wings which spread over the back. The body was that of a lion with five legs The fifth leg was added to give an appearance of symmetry to the side view , two on the fore-end, and three on the side. The head, breast, and arms were human, and as low down as the waist.
A knotted girdle ending in tassels, encircled the loins. But when Nineveh's dominion was transferred to Babylon by a conqueror, a change came over the Assyrian lion. Daniel says, "I beheld till its wings were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth. He made it stand erect, and gave it a more civilized constitution. Shalmaneser had destroyed the kingdom of the ten tribes of Israel, and Sennacherib had blasphemed Jehovah, and the posterity of his son Esarhaddon had become effete: this was a dynasty which had become a pest, a plague spot upon the nations; but Nebuchadnezzar, though an idolater, was a man better suited to the purposes of God.
There was more of the man, and less of the wild beast, in him than in the kings of the dynasty he had overthrown. Therefore, when the Assyrian lion was made to stand erect upon its hind feet like a man, Daniel says, that "a man's heart was given to it. I praise, and extol, and honour the King of Heaven, all whose works are truth and his ways judgment; and those that walk in pride he is able to abase. Instead of praising, and extolling, and honouring the God of Israel, he defied Him; and "lifted himself up against the Lord of heaven; and out of the holy vessels of His temple he, and his lords, his wives, and his concubines, drank wine; and he praised the gods of silver and gold, and of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand his breath was, and whose were all his ways, he had not glorified.
And thy kingdom is divided and given to the Medes and Persians. And Darius the Median took the kingdom" Dan The Lion dominion being overthrown, the dynasty of the Bear took its place when "Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans," in before Christ.
It was a dominion to be extended by the sword, a particular expressed in the words addressed to the Bear, "Arise, devour much flesh.
Compare this characteristic of the Bear with what is said of the horns of the Ram. Dan The inequality of the sides of the Bear represents the historical fact that the dynasty of the Bear-dominion was mixed; that is, it was first Median and then Persian. Darius was a Mede, and his successor Cyrus, a Persian.
They were allies in the overthrow of the Chaldean kingdom. When the crown was to be assumed, the Mede preceded the Persian; but when Darius died, instead of the crown descending to a Mede, it passed to a Persian, whose race continued to wear it until the dominion of the Bear was superseded by the Leopard. Thus the Persian side of the Bear was raised up last. But the Bear had also "three ribs in the mouth of it, between the teeth of it.
In other words, that the Medes and Persians had made extensive conquests, which were reduced to three divisions for the better adininistration of public affairs. A rib of the dominion, then, represents an imperial presidency, or as we should say, vice-royalty; each satrapy comprehending a number of principalities.
A dominion represented by the Bear, its dynastic branch by the higher side, and its three presidencies by the three ribs, were the principal points which distinguished the realm of the Chaldeans, under the Medo-Persian sovereignty, from that of the Lion, or the Head of Gold.
And it is worthy of remark here, with reference to the image at the crisis of its fate, that the Power which shall possess Persia in the Latter days will be the Bear, and consequently answer to the breast of silver. We have already in the heraldry of nations an intimation of the Power destined to act the part of the Bear, when the Four Beasts have " their dominion taken away. This is so well-known that the phrase " the Russian Bear" is as familiar as household words.
Russia, which already comprehends some of the Persian territory in its bounds, is destined to conquer Persia, and to possess it from India to Ethiopia. This is not conjecture but an absolute certainty; for God has declared by Ezekiel that Persia in the latter days shall be a constituent of the dominion of Gog; and that Gog is the autocratic dynasty of Russia will be seen when we come to treat of that prophecy in its proper place. This beast represents the Macedonian dominion which superseded that of the Bear, as the belly and thighs of brass did the breast and arms of silver.
The Leopard-dominion was more extended than its predecessors; for it embraced all that belonged to the Lion and the Bear, with the addition of that which had been established by Philip of Macedon, the predecessor of Alexander "the Great. In the year before Christ, the Macedonian dominion in its divisions, and their relative position, is illustrated by the Four Wings of a fowl, and the four Leopard-heads.
Alexander ruled his conquests for the short space of six years, when he died in Babylon of intoxication. After a long period of war, his unwieldy empire was resolved into several kingdoms of which the four principal ones are represented by the Four Heads of the Leopard.
These were its mighty Powers to which the others looked up as the lesser States do now to the great military potentates of the age. The four great Powers, or heads, of the Grecian Leopard were: 1. The kingdom of the North-west, including Thrace, Bithynia, etc. The kingdom of the North-east, comprehending the rest of Asia, and beyond the Euphrates to the Indus; India beyond the river, though allotted to this dominion, revolted; so that the Indus became its boundary: this was the Assyro-Macedonian; and, 4.
The kingdom of the West, which embraced Macedonla and Greece. Such were the heads. But how was it to be determined that they should stand related to these four points of the compass?
This was indicated by the wings of the Leopard-an interpretation made evident from the words of the prophet, saying, "The Lord shall gather Judah from the four corners in Heb. A Leopard is sometimes used to indicate the British power. Now, in Daniel ch the dominion of Alexander, which extended into British India, is represented by a Unicorn-that is, a goat with one horn. Hence, the Leopard, without additional heads, and without wings, represents the same dominion as the Unicorn.
Now it occurs to me, that the British Unicorn is a symbol representing a similar thing to the Aegean Unicorn of Alexander; and, therefore, identifies the British power with the Grecian Leopard.
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I do not say that the mind which designed the heraldry of the British power had the part predestined for Britain to enact in the latter days before it, when it inserted the leopard Unicorn.
But divine wisdom sometimes impels men to do things the import of which they very imperfectly understand; and the insertion of the Unicorn may have been an act of this nature. Be this as it may, there are indications which make the idea more than probable. In the first place, the British power is the constitutional protector of the lonian Islands contiguous to the Morea and ancient Macedonia; and secondly, it possesses a part of Alexander the Great's dominion in India, and is absorbing more and more of it every war it wages in the Far East.
Britain is bound to maintain a maritime ascendancy in the Mediterranean; not because she has any continental territory washed by its waters, but because of her vast interests in India, which would be greatly endangered by an uncontrolled military power in Anatolia and Egypt.
When the power of the British Unicorn shall be fully developed in maritime Greece, Egypt [See Note 2 at end of chapter], Palestine, the Red Sea, and India, a leopard dominion will again appear upon the stage of action, and be prepared for the catastrophe of the latter days. This beast was to arise out of the Mediterranean territory as well as the others.
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The belligerent tempests on every side were to give rise to it; for, says Daniel, "the four winds of the heaven strove upon the Great Sea.
That this beast is identical in signification with the iron part of the image, and incorporates within its dominion the territory of the kingdoms of the brazen thighs, is indicated by "its teeth of iron and claws of brass.
Like the iron kingdom of the image, this iron-toothed dominion was to devour and break in pieces all that came in its way, and to stamp the undevoured residue with its brazen-clawed feet. This Fourth Beast was shown to Daniel for the purpose of representing certain things predestined to come to pass in connection with the ten toes of the image, which could not be suitably displayed in symbolic feet.
The things to be illustrated were: 1. The eradication of the power of three toe-dynasties: or royalties; and the subjection of their territories to an imperial dominion; 2. The peculiar character and constitution of this imperiality; 3. The part this militant power was to play in relation to the saints; 4. The time the image's feet were to continue before they should be smitten by the stone; 5. The consumption of the militant power which was to precede the destruction of the image 6.
The personage through whom the destructive power of the stone should be manifested; 7. The giving of the kingdom to Him, and the saints; and, 8. The nature of the mountain which should fill the whole earth. These eight points constitute a summary of the things designed to be represented by the Eleven Horns which made their appearance on the head of the Fourth Beast. The first point is symbolized by the coming up of a Little Horn among the Ten Horns, which "subdues Three Horns," so as to "pluck up by the roots" the regal dynasties they represent; and in this way leaving only seven independent royalties, besides its imperial self.
The second and third points are presented by this Little Horn having inserted into it Human Eyes and Mouth; and described as having a more audacious look than his fellow-horns, or contemporary dynasties; and "speaking very great things," or blasphemies, "against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle or saints, styled the temple of God in the scripture , and them that dwell in heaven.
The fourth and fifth points are set forth by the slaying and burning of the Fourth Beast with his appendages at the end of "a time, times, and the dividing of time. Hence, the chronology of the symbol must be restricted to the Horns. The dynasties of the leopard-heads were all superseded by the Fourth Beast before the birth of Christ; but the ten horns, answering to the ten toes of the image, did not make their appearance till the fifth century after Christ.
The life of the Beast is measured by the continuance of the horns; and the duration of these by the time allotted for the Little Horn to prevail against the saints. It is to prevail "until a time, times, and the dividing of time" shall have elapsed from some determinate epoch. Nothing is more obvious to one of these saints than that these "times" have not yet run out; because the power still exists and prevails against them. Upwards of 1, years have elapsed since the Horns established themselves on the western Roman territory; so that the chronology of the symbol is not to be calculated from the rise or growth of the horns out of the Dragon's head.
Indeed, if we had no other data than what are furnished us in the vision of the Fourth Beast, we could not tell when "the time, times, and dividing of time" should commence. The vision only informs us when it shall end, namely, with the casting down of the thrones, or Horn-dynasties; and the destruction of the Beast's dominion in all its parts by the "burning flame"; a process which has been steadily approaching since February, , and thereby indicating that the consummation is at hand.
The fall of three horns before the Little Horn which over-throws them, by which it becomes an eighth power on the Dragon's tenritory, suggests its identity with "the eighth which goeth into perdition" treated of in the Apocalypse Rev.
Speaking of the signification of the Seven Heads of the Roman Beast, it is stated that they have a double interpretation; that is, they represent the seven mountains on which Rome is situated; and seven heads of government which have prevailed there. The seventh dynasty had not appeared when John saw the vision.
When it was manifested, it was to continue in the seven-hilled city only "a short space. This was an outlying dynasty, thrusting itself in among the horns from a country lying beyond the geographical limits of the old Roman territory. It was a dynasty growing out of a foreign country, and, therefore, styled "another Beast.
John was favoured with a vision of "the wilderness," or territory of "the Holy Roman Empire" as it is styled. He saw it as it was in the first century after Christ. Then, the dominion which now exists there had no being.
In spirit he viewed it as it would appear several centuries after when the dominion had arisen. We can now say of the holy Roman Beast "it is"; and from present appearances, shall be able to say in a few years, "it was and is not", because it is destroyed by "the burning flame.
In certain respects it is like the other Ten Horns. If they had individually possessed "eyes and a mouth," they would all have been episcopal and speaking Horns, like the Little Horn. But they possessed neither. They were simple horns, evincing power, secular and not spiritual, in their operations.
When eyes look more stout than existences around them; and their mouth speaks blasphemies against God, angels, and the saints, they become svmbolical of ecclesiastical power; and inserted into a horn, they present a symbol which represents a CONJUNCT DYNASTY; that is, a dominion whose executive is imperial, and which is constituted, either of an imperial pontiff and a secular emperor, or of one Head in whom is vested the imperial administration both of secular and ecclesiastical affairs, as was the case with the pagan Roman emperors.
Its eyes and mouth represent one horn; and the rest of the horn, another. The former is the over-seeing and blaspheming horn; the latter, the secular, or military horn, which co-operates with it, and does all the fighting. These, it is almost needless to add, are the Pope and the Emperor. When the little horn appeared among the ten horns, Daniel was particularly struck by his blasphemous talking, and enmity against the saints of the Most High.
The mouth of this horn is evidently the same as the mouth of the ten-horned, and two-horned, beasts of the Apocalypse.
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Describing this mouth, John says, "It spake great things and blasphemies against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven.
They "contend earnestly for the faith once delivered to the saints" against its blasphemies; and advocated the liberty of the truth, the equality of the faithful, and the fraternity of the children of God.
This brought down upon them the hatred and revenge of the Popes, who stirred up all the horns of the beast against them, as it is written, "He made war upon them, and overcame them, and killed them. I apprehend that there is the same distinction to be drawn here, as between "a Jew inwardly" and "a Jew outwardly". Because a person is one of the saints it does not therefore follow that he is a righteous man. This is clear from the fact that the twelve tribes as a company of nations are termed "the Lord's witnesses"; concerning whom He says, "This people have I formed for myself; they shall show forth my praise.
Now this "holy nation" has proved itself to be "a stiffnecked and perverse race"; nevertheless, it is "holy," or separate, on the same principle that the temple, Jerusalem, the land, etc. But pagan nations are sometimes termed holy, or sanctified. Hence, the Lord says, "I have commanded my sanctified ones, I have also called my mighty ones for mine anger, etc. They come from a far country, from the end of heaven, even the Lord and the weapons of his indignation to destroy the whole land.
These saints are declared to be the Medes and Persians, who were pagan nations associated together in the overthrow of the Babylonian dynasty.
Their bows also shall dash the young men in pieces; and they shall have no pity on the fruit of the womb; their eye shall not spare children. They are designated in scripture by various names.
They are styled witnesses, prophets, olive trees, candle-sticks, as well as saints; because they are exercised in these several capacities. They may have to bear witness for civil and religious liberty; to preach against the lion-mouth and his clergy; to stand forth as a lamp before God to enlighten the nations of the earth, etc.
This class of people may be found figuring largely in the history of all European nations. They are the hostile party to the beast in all "religious wars," and wars for liberty against the despotism of popes, emperors, kings, and priests.
In these sanguinary wars their uniform has been sackcloth; yet they have devoured their enemies with fire and sword, and smitten the earth with all the plagues of war as often as they pleased. With various fortune they have combated with the tyrants of the world. Cromwell "tormented them the Royalists who dwelt in" England, and who drew the sword for the "right divine of kings to govern wrong"; he struck terror into those in Ireland who worshipped the beast, and devoured them with fire and brimstone from the cannon's mouth.
In France, the Huguenots did good service against the beast. They shut up the political heaven, and suffered not the rain of peace to descend upon Piedmont, and the south, where the blood of Albigenses, and Waldenses, was crying out from the ground, like Abel's, for vengeance upon those who dwelt upon the earth.
But, however successful for a season, they were destined to succumb for a while; as it is written, in Daniel, "The little horn made war with the saints, and prevailed against them: UNTIL the Ancient of Days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the Most High: and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom.
Hence, John writes the same thing of the ten-horned beast, and of the two-horned beast, and the image of the former beast's imperial head, that Daniel does of the Little Horn, saying, "The beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit," or sea, "shall make war upon them, and shall overcome them, and kill them" Rev ; and in another place, the ten-horned "shall make war with the saints, and overcome them" Rev and again, the two-horned beast "causeth them that dwell in the earth to do homage to the imperial head of the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed.
Elpis Israel/Chapter 1
And he causeth those that dwell upon the earth to err through the deeds it was given hirn to do against the beast; saying to them that dwelt on the earth that they should make an Image of the Beast, which had the wound by a sword and did live.
And it was given to him to give breath to the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause as many as would not worship the image of the beast, that they should be killed. And he caused all, the small and the great, the rich and the poor, the free and the bond, that a sign should be made upon them on their right hand, or upon their forehead: and that no man might be qualified to download or sell, except he have the sign, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.When Elpis Israel first appeared, France was a republic under PresidentNapoleon, self-styled the saviour of society from impending anarchy.
Having made his arrangementsaccordingly, he arrived in London, June 28th, ; and in July followinghe received an invitation to visit Nottingham, and to deliver a course oflectures upon the times, in connection with the prophetic word. A request was PREFACEpublicly made to him in Edinburgh and Glasgow, that what had been spokenshould be printed; and that, as it was not to be expected that he shouldpublish at a mere venture, committees would be formed to promote asubscription.
As to the composition of the work, the public need not expect to becaptivated by what is termed "fine writing. In other words, that the Medes and Persians had made extensive conquests, which were reduced to three divisions for the better adininistration of public affairs. To the Bible, then, all must come at last if they would be truly wise in spiritual things, This is a great truth which few of the sons of men have learned to appreciate according to its importance.
Some, crushed beneath such accumulated sufferings, lost their reason: others, led away by despair, suffered death by their own hands. The will of man universal is the result ofconflicts between the individuals of his race. Such is the being that claims the independent sovereignty of the globe.
Superstition having first brutalized the nations, and a little knowledgeafterwards puffed them up, they respond only to two extremes, equallyhateful to all rightly-constituted minds — licentiousness and despotism.
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