esporotricosis cromoblastomicosis y micetoma. Micosis sistémicas. Farmacología de los antifúngicos imidazólicos. índice analítico. No eBook available enfermedades Entamoeba histolytica enterocolitica enzimas EPEC epitelio Escherichia coli específicos esporotricosis ETEC extracelular. Fernández N, Iachini R, Farias L, Pozzi N, Tiraboschi I. Esporotricosis, una zoonosis em alerta. In: Proceedings of the Infocus ;
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Ramírez F.A., Herrera A.V., Bahena M.T., Barrera A.A., Cedillos C.A.M., Bonifaz A . Caso clínico Esporotricosis cutánea fija en un adolescente. PDF | The saprophytic fungus Sporothrix schenckii causes cutaneous or lymphocutaenous infections in immunocompetent individuals, and. ISBN (eBook) Azogue E () Esporotricosis cutanea en el departamento de Santa Cruz-Bolivia/Esporotricosis skin in the district.
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Abstract Species of the Sporothrix complex are the etiological agents of sporotrichosis, an important subcutaneous mycosis with several clinical forms and an increasing incidence around the world that affects humans and other mammals. The immunological mechanisms involved in the prevention and control of this mycosis are not entirely understood. Many reports have suggested that cell-mediated immunity has an essential role in the development of the disease, being the primary response controlling it, while only recent data supports that the humoral response is essential for the appropriate control.
This mycosis is a challenge for diagnosis since the culture and isolation of the organism are time-consuming and complicated; reasons that have led to the study of fungus antigenic molecules capable of generating a detectable humoral response.
The treatment for this disease includes the use of several antifungal drugs like itraconazole, amphotericin B, caspofungin, fluconazole, and the combination between them among others such as the extract of Vismia guianensis. Keywords: immunity, sporotrichosis, host-defense, antifungal 1.
Sporotrichosis Sporotrichosis is a fungal infection with a worldwide distribution that is prevalent mainly in tropical and subtropical regions and predominates in South Africa, America Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Guatemala, Mexico, and the United States , Asia Japan, China, India and Oceania, but is rarely found in Europe [ 1 , 2 ].
It presents a wide range of clinical manifestations, from localized to disseminated infections including lymphocutaneous, extracutaneous, and disseminated.
Alternative forms of extracutaneous sporotrichosis have increased in recent years and they involve the lungs, the osteoarticular system, and the central nervous system [ 2 , 4 , 5 ]. Systemic and disseminated infections are present in immunocompromised individuals, affecting several organs [ 6 ].
These clinical manifestations depend on different factors such as the immune response of the host, the virulence of the strain, the amount of inoculum, and the depth of inoculation [ 7 ]. It is often useful to start with generic questioning regarding major systems such as the cardiovascular or respiratory systems.
Questioning should then focus on specific disorders such as asthma or other respiratory disorders, diabetes mellitus, epilepsy, hypertension, hepatitis or jaundice. Problems with the arrest of haemorrhage are worth specific enquiry.
Any positive responses should be followed up by an assessment of the severity of the disorder, treatments used and their efficacy. It is essential to ask about any known allergies and if a positive response is obtained, to enquire about the nature of such an allergy.
Does the pain radiate anywhere else?
Timing was the onset sudden or gradual? How long has the pain been present?
Is it continuous or intermittent? Worse at any particular time of day?
New Developments and Future Prospects
What makes the pain better or worse including the use and type of medication Is the patient aware of any relevant preceding event, including previous similar episodes?These clinical manifestations depend on different factors such as the immune response of the host, the virulence of the strain, the amount of inoculum, and the depth of inoculation [ 7 ].
The treatment for this disease includes the use of several antifungal drugs like itraconazole, amphotericin B, caspofungin, fluconazole, and the combination between them among others such as the extract of Vismia guianensis.
The immunological mechanisms involved in the prevention and control of this mycosis are not entirely understood. Sporotrichosis is an emergent disease and, over the past two decades, the incidence of zoonotic sporotrichosis has been on the rise, particularly in Brazil.
Immunity and Treatment of Sporotrichosis
Alternatively, infection may occur during the animal transmission cat—cat or cat—dog and zoonotic transmission cat—human , which has been mostly associated with scratches or bites from infected cats [ 2 ]. Systemic and disseminated infections are present in immunocompromised individuals, affecting several organs [ 6 ].
Recreational drugs and The use of drugs of abuse is common and dentists should have a working knowledge of the implications for patients who say that they are using these. In Brazil, S.
By placing individual experience in a broader political frame, Judith Herman argues that psychological trauma can be understood only in a social context. Published online Jan